In the north of Tuscany there is one of the most secret, and therefore the most precious, corners of Tuscany: the Lunigiana. This strip of the Tuscan territory, which flows into the sea, borders to the north and east with Emilia Romagna, to the west with Liguria and to the south with the Apuan Alps, spectacular mountains, visible more or less from all of Lunigiana, which owe their name for the similarity of the mountains to the Alpine arc. The charming town of Pontremoli is the main stop to start exploring this little known part of Tuscany. Lunigiana was inhabited since 2000 BC, and had an important development in medieval times, when the Malaspina family, for the government of the territory, built the highest concentration of castles, towers and forts ever seen in such a limited and limited territory. it is famous above all for the beauty of its valleys, always green as it is crossed by streams, canals, ditches and other waterways that convey into the river Magra and always producing white, red and vermintino Colli di Luni Doc wine. name to the Romans, who founded the city of the Luni, from whose port the ships loaded with marble from the Alps left. The main center of Lunigiana is Pontremoli, an essential stop for pilgrims who traveled the ancient route of the Via Francigena. In the past the Lunigiana was defended by 120 castles today it is characterized by villages and valleys. The municipalities that are part of Lunigiana are: Aulla, Bagnone, Casola in Lunigiana, Comano, Filattiera, Fivizzano, Fosdinovo, Licciana Nardi, Mulazzo, Podenzana, Pontremoli and Valle del Verde, Tresana, Villafranca in Lunigiana, Zeri.